ARTICLE

How to install and secure MariaDB on Ubuntu 18.04 and 20.04 on Cloud Raya

22 March 2021 by Muhammad Ahfas An Nahri

In this article we are going to show you how to install and secure MariaDB on Ubuntu 18.04 and 20.04 on Cloud Raya, after previously talk about MongoDB.

Read also: How to Install and Secure MongoDB on Ubuntu 18.04 and 20.04

But, before that let’s define what MariaDB is. In short, MariaDB is an open-source, community-developed, forever free relational database management system (RDBMS) forked from MySQL. However, it is highly compatible with MySQL as it works as a drop-in replacement.

So, check the steps below to install and secure MariaDB 10.5 for Ubuntu 18.04 and Ubuntu 20.04 instances on Cloud Raya.

TLDR

For those who need a quick steps:

  1. Firstly, Enter commands below
  2. Secondly, Allow port 3306/TCP on the Security Profile to allow remote connections.
<code>sudo apt update &amp;&amp; sudo apt install apt-transport-https -y
curl -LsS https://downloads.mariadb.com/MariaDB/mariadb_repo_setup | sudo bash
sudo apt install mariadb-server -y
sudo mysql_secure_installation
# For remote connection, otherwise ignore these lines
sudo sed -Ei 's/(bind-address *=).*/\1 INTERFACE-IP/' /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf
sudo systemctl restart mariadb
sudo ufw allow 3306/tcp</code>

How to Install MariaDB

MariaDB hasn’t been shipped to Ubuntu 18.04 / 20.04 official repository yet. So you will have to download it directly from https://mariadb.com. after that, you can either do:

  1. Download the binary packages, or
  2. Setup the repository via script

Hence, this tutorial will cover the second method.

Step 1. Install apt-transport-https

Firstly, the installer script needs apt-transport-https package.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install apt-transport-https -y

Step 2. Pull the script and execute

You can download the script on

 https://downloads.mariadb.com/MariaDB/mariadb_repo_setup 

and run it, but you can do it in one-liner like this instead:

curl -LsS https://downloads.mariadb.com/MariaDB/mariadb_repo_setup | sudo bash

A brief explanation about the -LsS flags on curl command:
L Curl will follow any redirects
s Silent all outputs
S If used together with s, it will output error messages only on failure

MariaDB repo setup script

Step 3. Install mariadb-server

You don’t have to update the repository as the script has done it for you. So, just proceed to install:

sudo apt install mariadb-server -y

Configuration

Step 4. Secure the installation

To secure the MariaDB installation, simply run:

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Then, answer every prompts with yes.

Securing MariaDB installation

Step 5. Enable remote access

The default setting for a fresh MariaDB installation is to allow only local connections. So, you can verify it via the below syntax:

sudo ss -tulpn | grep mariadb
MariaDB is listening on 127.0.0.1

ss -tulpn will list all listening ports/sockets.
t Display TCP sockets.
u Display UDP sockets.
l Display only listening sockets.
p Show process using socket.
n Do not try to resolve service names.

There, you will see that it listens to loopback IP (127.0.0.1) which means it will not accept remote connections.

If your plan is to build an app on the same server, then this is enough and you can ignore the rest of the steps. But, if this is not the case, you can keep going.

Then, Open /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.conf and find the line bind-address. After that, change the IP address from 127.0.0.1 to your interface IP.

sudoedit /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.conf
# find line 'bind-address = 127.0.0.1'
# change it to interface's IP
Change bind-address

If you are not sure which IP to set, then you can check it by using the below command:

ip -4 -br a s
Display IP addresses

After you changed the bind-address, you need to restart the mariadb service.

sudo systemctl restart mariadb
# check the status
sudo systemctl status mariadb
MariaDB service status

Step 6. Allow port 3306/TCP on ufw

By default, both Ubuntu 18.04 and Ubuntu 20.04 are using ufw. But first check if it’s active or not:

sudo ufw status
Display UFW status

If it’s inactive, then skip this step. Otherwise, you need to allow mariadb (3306/tcp).

sudo ufw allow 3306/tcp
# or
sudo ufw allow mysql

Then, you should not forget to verify by using sudo ufw status

Step 7. Add Firewall Rule on the Security Profile on Cloud Raya

Lastly, add TCP port 3306 (MySQL default port) on the Security Profile to allow public remote connections.

Add Firewall Rule on the Security Profile

All in all, that is how you install and secure MariaDB on Ubuntu 18.04 and 20.04. If you eager for more information, then you should check our previous article about how to install and secure MongoDB on Ubuntu.

0 0 vote
Article Rating

Ready to Make Something Big?

Deploy in Cloud Raya